Common Name Botanical Name Family
Blue Ridge Mountains
Bull Run Mountains
marsh
Lichen species
Sach's Bridge
Rock Creek
US 340 bridge
Serpentine Grassland
Potomac River
Corvus corax
stone bridge
Joe
Vulpes vulpes
horses
old field
Eumeces fasciatus
sunset
Great Smoky Mountains
Plains
Luna moth
Pterourus glaucus
Appalachian forest in spring
Phyla lanceolata
Triticum sp. Poaceae
 Adam's needle Yucca filamentosa Agavaceae
Allegheny stonecrop Hylotelephium telephioides Crassulaceae
American beech Fagus grandifolia Fagaceae
American bladdernut Staphylea trifolia Staphyleaceae
American chestnut Castanea dentata Fagaceae
American elm Ulmus americana Ulmaceae
American germander Teucrium canadense Lamiaceae
American hazelnut Corylus americana Betulaceae
American holly Ilex opaca Aquifoliaceae
American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana Betulaceae
American sycamore Platanus occidentalis Platanaceae
Appalachian gooseberry Ribes rotundifolium Grossulariaceae
arrowleaf tearthumb Polygonum sagittatum Polygonaceae
Atlantic white cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides Cupressaceae
 balsam fir Abies balsamea Pinaceae
balsam ragwort Packera paupercula Asteraceae
bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Ericaceae
bearded beggarticks Bidens aristosa Asteraceae
bigtooth aspen Populus grandidentata Salicaceae
birdfoot violet Viola pedata Violaceae
black birch Betula lenta Betulaceae
black huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Ericaceae
black raspberry Rubus occidentalis Rosaceae
black walnut Juglans nigra Juglandaceae
black willow Salix nigra Salicaceae
blackeyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Asteraceae
blackgum Nyssa sylvatica Cornaceae
blackhaw Viburnum prunifolium Caprifoliaceae
blue scorpion-weed Phacelia ranunculacea Hydrophyllaceae
blue vervain Verbena hastata Verbenaceae
blue wood aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Asteraceae
bluets Houstonia caerulea Rubiaceae
borage Borago officinalis Boraginaceae
bottlebrush buckeye Aesculus parviflora Hippocastanaceae
bottlebrush grass Elymus hystrix Poaceae
Bowman's root Gillenia trifoliata Rosaceae
boxelder Acer negundo Aceraceae
bracted plantain Plantago aristata Plantaginaceae
bristly greenbrier Smilax tamnoides Smilacaceae
broadleaf arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Alismataceae
broomsedge Andropogon virginicus Poaceae
bushy bluestem Andropogon glomeratus Poaceae
butterbur Petasites hybridus Compositae
buttercup scorpion-weed Phacelia covillei Hydrophyllaceae
butterfly weed Asclepias tuberosa Asclepiadaceae
 Canada anemone Anemone canadensis Ranunculaceae
Canada St. Johnswort Hypericum canadense Clusiaceae
Canadian white violet Viola canadensis Violaceae
Carolina wild petunia Ruellia caroliniensis Acanthaceae
cat greenbrier Smilax glauca Smilacaceae
cat's ear Hypochaeris radicata Asteraceae
catawba rhododendron Rhododendron catawbiense Ericaceae
catberry Ilex mucronata Aquifoliaceae
chestnut oak Quercus prinus Fagaceae
chicory Cichorium intybus Asteraceae
chinkapin Castanea pumila Fagaceae
chokecherry Prunus virginiana Rosaceae
cinnamon fern Osmunda cinnamomea Osmundaceae
cliff stonecrop Sedum glaucophyllum Crassulaceae
colicroot Aletris farinosa Liliaceae
common cowparsnip Heracleum maximum Apiaceae
common evening primrose Oenothera biennis Onagraceae
common fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus Asteraceae
common fumitory Fumaria officinalis Fumariaceae
common goldstar Hypoxis hirsuta Liliaceae
common greenbrier Smilax rotundifolia Smilacaceae
common milkweed Asclepias syriaca Asclepiadaceae
common mullein Verbascum thapsus Scrophulariaceae
common ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius Rosaceae
common persimmon Diospyros virginiana Ebenaceae
common reed Phragmites australis Poaceae
common winterberry Ilex verticillata Aquifoliaceae
corkwood Leitneria floridana Leitneriaceae
corn salad Valerianella locusta Valerianaceae
cow vetch Vicia cracca Fabaceae
creeping juniper Juniperus horizontalis Cupressaceae
creeping phlox Phlox stolonifera Polemoniaceae
crested iris Iris cristata Iridaceae
crownvetch Securigera varia Fabaceae
Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum Scrophulariaceae
Curtiss' milkwort Polygala curtissii Polygalaceae
cutleaf coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata Asteraceae
cutleaf toothwort Cardamine concatenata Brassicaceae
 deerberry Vaccinium stamineum Ericaceae
dense blazing star Liatris spicata Asteraceae
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria Caryophyllaceae
devil's walkingstick Aralia spinosa Araliaceae
downy serviceberry Amelanchier arborea Rosaceae
dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria Fumariaceae
dwarf cinquefoil Potentilla canadensis Rosaceae
dwarf dandelion Krigia virginica Asteraceae
dwarf ginseng Panax trifolius Araliaceae
dwarf iris Iris verna Iridaceae
 early lowbush blueberry Vaccinium pallidum Ericaceae
early saxifrage Saxifraga virginiensis Saxifragaceae
eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis Pinaceae
eastern prickly pear Opuntia humifusa Cactaceae
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana Cupressaceae
elderberry Sambucus nigra Caprifoliaceae
European centaury Centaurium erythraea Gentianaceae
 fairywand Chamaelirium luteum Liliaceae
false hellebore Veratrum viride Liliaceae
false mermaid Floerkea proserpinacoides Limnanthaceae
fernleaf false foxglove Aureolaria pedicularia Scrophulariaceae
field chickweed Cerastium arvense Caryophyllaceae
field thistle Cirsium discolor Asteraceae
fireweed Chamerion angustifolium Onagraceae
five-leaved bittercress Cardamine pentaphyllos Brassicaceae
flame azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum Ericaceae
flat-topped aster Doellingeria umbellata Asteraceae
flowering dogwood Cornus florida Cornaceae
flowering spurge Euphorbia corollata Euphorbiaceae
flypoison Amianthium muscitoxicum Liliaceae
foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Saxifragaceae
forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides Boraginaceae
foxglove beardtongue Penstemon digitalis Scrophulariaceae
Fraser fir Abies fraseri Pinaceae
fringed bindweed Polygonum cilinode Polygonaceae
fringetree Chionanthus virginicus Oleaceae
 gamagrass Tripsacum dactyloides Poaceae
garden phlox Phlox paniculata Polemoniaceae
gaywings Polygala paucifolia Polygalaceae
giant bindweed Calystegia silvatica Convolvulaceae
giant bur-reed Sparganium eurycarpum Sparganiaceae
giant cane Arundinaria gigantea Poaceae
goat's beard Aruncus dioicus Rosaceae
golden drop Onosma arenaria Boraginaceae
golden ragwort Packera aurea Asteraceae
golden tickseed Coreopsis tinctoria Asteraceae
goose tongue Plantago maritima Plantaginaceae
grassleaf blazing star Liatris pilosa Asteraceae
gray beardtongue Penstemon canescens Scrophulariaceae
gray birch Betula populifolia Betulaceae
greater purple fringed orchid Platanthera grandiflora Orchidaceae
greater scented liverwort Conocephalum conicum Conocephalaceae
green and gold Chrysogonum virginianum Asteraceae
green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Oleaceae
green milkweed Asclepias viridiflora Asclepiadaceae
 hackberry Celtis occidentalis Ulmaceae
hairy alumroot Heuchera villosa Saxifragaceae
hairy bittercress Cardamine hirsuta Brassicaceae
hairy Solomon's seal Polygonatum pubescens Liliaceae
hairy-jointed meadow parsnip Thaspium barbinode Apiaceae
halberdleaf yellow violet Viola hastata Violaceae
heartleaf golden Alexanders Zizia aptera Apiaceae
hedge maple Acer campestre Aceraceae
hepatica Hepatica nobilis Ranunculaceae
hobblebush Viburnum lantanoides Caprifoliaceae
hog-peanut Amphicarpaea bracteata Fabaceae
hollow joe-pye weed Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus Asteraceae
hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana Betulaceae
horsenettle Solanum carolinense Solanaceae
 Indian cucumber root Medeola virginiana Liliaceae
Indian paintbrush Castilleja coccinea Scrophulariaceae
Indian tobacco Lobelia inflata Campanulaceae
indigo bush Amorpha fruticosa Fabaceae
 Jack in the pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Araceae
Jacob's ladder Polemonium reptans Polemoniaceae
Japanese mazus Mazus pumilus Scrophulariaceae
joe pye weed Eupatorium purpureum Asteraceae
 large-flowered bellwort Uvularia grandiflora Liliaceae
large-flowered tickseed Coreopsis grandiflora Asteraceae
larger blue flag Iris versicolor Iridaceae
lateflowering thoroughwort Eupatorium serotinum Asteraceae
leatherwood Dirca palustris Thymelaeaceae
lesser purple fringed orchid Platanthera psycodes Orchidaceae
little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Poaceae
lizard's tail Saururus cernuus Saururaceae
loblolly pine Pinus taeda Pinaceae
long-headed poppy Papaver dubium Papaveraceae
longbract frog orchid Dactylorhiza viridis Orchidaceae
longleaf groundcherry Physalis longifolia Solanaceae
longleaf starwort Stellaria longifolia Caryophyllaceae
lyre-leaved rock cress Arabis lyrata Brassicaceae
 mapleleaf viburnum Viburnum acerifolium Caprifoliaceae
marginal woodfern Dryopteris marginalis Dryopteridaceae
marsh fleabane Pluchea odorata Asteraceae
Maryland goldenaster Chrysopsis mariana Asteraceae
Maryland meadowbeauty Rhexia mariana Melastomataceae
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum Berberidaceae
meadow beauty Rhexia virginica Melastomataceae
meadowsweet Spiraea alba Rosaceae
minniebush Menziesia pilosa Ericaceae
miterwort Mitella diphylla Saxifragaceae
mockernut hickory Carya alba Juglandaceae
monkey flower Mimulus ringens Scrophulariaceae
moss phlox Phlox subulata Polemoniaceae
mountain andromeda Pieris floribunda Ericaceae
mountain anemone Anemone lancifolia Ranunculaceae
mountain bellwort Uvularia puberula Liliaceae
mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia Ericaceae
mountain maple Acer spicatum Aceraceae
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Rosaceae
musk thistle Carduus nutans Asteraceae
 naked-flowered tick trefoil Desmodium nudiflorum Fabaceae
narrow-leaved gentian Gentiana linearis Gentianaceae
New England aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae Asteraceae
New York aster Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Asteraceae
New York ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis Asteraceae
nodding lady's tresses Spiranthes cernua Orchidaceae
nodding onion Allium cernuum Liliaceae
nodding wakerobin Trillium flexipes Liliaceae
northern bush honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera Caprifoliaceae
northern red oak Quercus rubra Fagaceae
Nuttall's lobelia Lobelia nuttallii Campanulaceae
 oak Quercus sp. Fagaceae
oakleaf hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia Hydrangeaceae
orange hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum Asteraceae
orange milkwort Polygala lutea Polygalaceae
oysterleaf Mertensia maritima Boraginaceae
 painted trillium Trillium undulatum Liliaceae
pale flax Linum bienne Linaceae
pale smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Polygonaceae
pasture rose Rosa carolina Rosaceae
pearly everlasting Anaphalis margaritacea Asteraceae
pencil flower Stylosanthes biflora Fabaceae
Pennsylvania bittercress Cardamine pensylvanica Brassicaceae
pignut hickory Carya glabra Juglandaceae
pink lady's slipper Cypripedium acaule Orchidaceae
pinxterbloom azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides Ericaceae
plantain-leaved pussytoes Antennaria plantaginifolia Asteraceae
pleatleaf knotweed Polygonum tenue Polygonaceae
poison hemlock Conium maculatum Apiaceae
poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans Anacardiaceae
poke milkweed Asclepias exaltata Asclepiadaceae
pokeweed Phytolacca americana Phytolaccaceae
pond cypress Taxodium ascendens Cupressaceae
porcelainberry Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Vitaceae
possumhaw Viburnum nudum Caprifoliaceae
prairie dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis Poaceae
prairie fleabane Erigeron strigosus Asteraceae
prairie violet Viola pedatifida Violaceae
prairie willow Salix humilis Salicaceae
primrose-leaved violet Viola x primulifolia Violaceae
purple clematis Clematis occidentalis Ranunculaceae
purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea Asteraceae
purple false foxglove Agalinis purpurea Scrophulariaceae
purple milkweed Asclepias purpurascens Asclepiadaceae
purple pitcherplant Sarracenia purpurea Sarraceniaceae
purple-flowering raspberry Rubus odoratus Rosaceae
purplehead sneezeweed Helenium flexuosum Asteraceae
 quaking aspen Populus tremuloides Salicaceae
Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota Apiaceae
 rabbit-foot clover Trifolium arvense Fabaceae
ramps Allium tricoccum Liliaceae
rattlesnakeweed Hieracium venosum Asteraceae
red chokeberry Photinia pyrifolia Rosaceae
red clover Trifolium pratense Fabaceae
red columbine Aquilegia canadensis Ranunculaceae
red elderberry Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae
red maple Acer rubrum Aceraceae
red spruce Picea rubens Pinaceae
redosier dogwood Cornus sericea Cornaceae
rock sandwort Minuartia michauxii Caryophyllaceae
rose mallow Hibiscus moscheutos Malvaceae
rose pogonia Pogonia ophioglossoides Orchidaceae
rosebay rhododendron Rhododendron maximum Ericaceae
rosepink Sabatia angularis Gentianaceae
royal fern Osmunda regalis Osmundaceae
rue anemone Thalictrum thalictroides Ranunculaceae
rugosa rose Rosa rugosa Rosaceae
 salad burnet Sanguisorba minor Rosaceae
sassafras Sassafras albidum Lauraceae
scaly blazing star Liatris squarrosa Asteraceae
seaside goldenrod Solidago sempervirens Asteraceae
sedge Carex sp. Cyperaceae
seedbox Ludwigia alternifolia Onagraceae
Seneca snakeroot Polygala senega Polygalaceae
sessile-leaved bellwort Uvularia sessilifolia Liliaceae
shagbark hickory Carya ovata Juglandaceae
shooting star Dodecatheon meadia Primulaceae
shortleaf pine Pinus echinata Pinaceae
showy aster Eurybia spectabilis Asteraceae
showy orchis Galearis spectabilis Orchidaceae
silver maple Acer saccharinum Aceraceae
skunk cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus Araceae
slender blue-eyed grass Sisyrinchium mucronatum Iridaceae
small cranberry Vacciniun oxycoccos Ericaceae
small green wood orchid Platanthera clavellata Orchidaceae
small skullcap Scutellaria parvula Lamiaceae
small white violet Viola macloskeyi Violaceae
small-flowered buttercup Ranunculus abortivus Ranunculaceae
smooth oxeye Heliopsis helianthoides Asteraceae
smooth rockcress Arabis laevigata Brassicaceae
smooth serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Rosaceae
smooth Solomon's seal Polygonatum biflorum Liliaceae
snow on the mountain Euphorbia marginata Euphorbiaceae
southern arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Caprifoliaceae
southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora Magnoliaceae
southern wood violet Viola hirsutula Violaceae
spicebush Lindera benzoin Lauraceae
spoonleaf sundew Drosera intermedia Droseraceae
spotted beebalm Monarda punctata Lamiaceae
spotted deadnettle Lamium maculatum Lamiaceae
spreading dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynaceae
spring beauty Claytonia virginica Portulacaceae
squirrel corn Dicentra canadensis Fumariaceae
staggerbush Lyonia mariana Ericaceae
striped maple Acer pensylvanicum Aceraceae
sugar maple Acer saccharum Aceraceae
sulphur cinquefoil Potentilla recta Rosaceae
summer grape Vitis aestivalis Vitaceae
summersweet Clethra alnifolia Clethraceae
swamp azalea Rhododendron viscosum Ericaceae
swamp bay Persea palustris Lauraceae
swamp candles Lysimachia terrestris Primulaceae
swamp chestnut oak Quercus michauxii Fagaceae
swamp milkweed Asclepias incarnata Asclepiadaceae
swamp rose Rosa palustris Rosaceae
swamp thistle Cirsium muticum Asteraceae
swee white violet Viola blanda Violaceae
sweet autumn clematis Clematis terniflora Ranunculaceae
sweet azalea Rhododendron arborescens Ericaceae
sweet everlasting Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium Asteraceae
sweetbay magnolia Magnolia virginiana Magnoliaceae
sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Hamamelidaceae
swollen bladderwort Utricularia inflata Lentibulariaceae
 Table Mountain pine Pinus pungens Pinaceae
tall meadow rue Thalictrum pubescens Ranunculaceae
taperleaf water horehound Lycopus rubellus Lamiaceae
tassel rue Trautvetteria caroliniensis Ranunculaceae
tawny cottongrass Eriophorum virginicum Cyperaceae
thimbleweed Anemone virginiana Ranunculaceae
thinleaf sunflower Helianthus decapetalus Asteraceae
three-lobe violet Viola triloba Violaceae
toadshade Trillium sessile Liliaceae
trumpet creeper Campsis radicans Bignoniaceae
trumpet honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens Caprifoliaceae
tuliptree Liriodendron tulipifera Magnoliaceae
twistedstalk Streptopus lanceolatus Liliaceae
 umbrella magnolia Magnolia tripetala Magnoliaceae
 Venus' looking-glass Triodanis perfoliata Campanulaceae
Venus' pride Houstonia purpurea Rubiaceae
Virginia bluebells Mertensia virginica Boraginaceae
Virginia marsh St. Johnswort Triadenum virginicum Clusiaceae
Virginia waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum Hydrophyllaceae
 water parsnip Sium suave Apiaceae
water willow Justicia americana Acanthaceae
watercress Nasturtium officinale Brassicaceae
white ash Fraxinus americana Oleaceae
white avens Geum canadense Rosaceae
white bergamot Monarda clinopodia Lamiaceae
white clintonia Clintonia umbellulata Liliaceae
white hair leather flower Clematis albicoma Ranunculaceae
white oak Quercus alba Fagaceae
white snakeroot Ageratina altissima Asteraceae
white spruce Picea glauca Pinaceae
white trillium Trillium grandiflorum Liliaceae
white trout lily Erythronium albidum Liliaceae
whorled loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia Primulaceae
whorled rosinweed Silphium trifoliatum Asteraceae
wild bleeding heart Dicentra eximia Fumariaceae
wild blue phlox Phlox divaricata Polemoniaceae
wild calla Calla palustris Araceae
wild geranium Geranium maculatum Geraniaceae
wild ginger Asarum canadense Aristolochiaceae
wild lupine Lupinus perennis Fabaceae
wild pink Silene caroliniana Caryophyllaceae
wild potato vine Ipomoea pandurata Convolvulaceae
wild quinine Parthenium integrifolium Asteraceae
wild rice Zizania aquatica Poaceae
winged monkey flower Mimulus alatus Scrophulariaceae
winter heath Erica carnea Ericaceae
witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana Hamamelidaceae
wood anemone Anemone nemorosa Ranunculaceae
wood lily Lilium philadelphicum Liliaceae
wood vetch Vicia caroliniana Fabaceae
woodland stonecrop Sedum ternatum Crassulaceae
woodland sunflower Helianthus divaricatus Asteraceae
woolly ragwort Packera tomentosa Asteraceae
 yellow birch Betula alleghaniensis Betulaceae
yellow corydalis Corydalis flavula Fumariaceae
yellow false indigo Baptisia tinctoria Fabaceae
yellow iris Iris pseudacorus Iridaceae
yellow lady's slipper Cypripedium parviflorum Orchidaceae